Rental properties can be a great asset to investment portfolios, particularly if they are successfully managed. There are many different types of real properties that can be converted into rentals. Commercial properties, when fully occupied, generally pay higher dividends for investors. Residential rental properties are said to be an addictive habit because investors purchase additional rentals consistently over time. Whether an investor chooses to select commercial, residential, or other property as a rental, there are some considerations that should be carefully weighed.
The return on investment (ROI) will be greatly impacted based on a number of different factors. Investors cannot simply calculate the purchase price of the real property and the average monthly lease income for the property. Many other conditions exist and must be factored into an accurate ROI on rental property.
Taxes and Insurance
The overall ROI depends in part on the geographical location of a particular property. There are various local and state ordinances that require lot rent, property tax, school tax, and other fees to be paid by the land or property owner. These may seem minute, but they will impact the overall return on investment. This calculation can be simplified by the net income gain of the property divided by the cost of the property. Net income gain is basically the income generated minus the cost of the property. These calculations can be based on monthly or annual figures and the end result will be the same.
Maintenance and Utilities
One major area that many landowners and property managers fail to consider when calculating rental income are the essential costs associated with the building or property. Commercial properties of course entail much higher overhead costs than residential properties, but these elemental items should be considered for all types of real property. Second to required insurance, routine maintenance and repairs are among the highest expenses that property owners incur.
Maintenance and repairs on a commercial building may require certified repairs that are filed with a city or county records office. Monthly utilities such as gas, electric, water, sewer, and trash pick up are generally required whether the property is currently being rented or not. Unless these are passed along to tenants, the property owner must deduct these monthly expenses from their net return on investment.